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BETWEEN YESTERDAY AND TODAY 

- HASAN AL-BANNA 


• The Message of the Faithful Prophet 

• The Qur’anic Method for Social Reform 

• The Practical Aspects of This System 

• The First Islamic State 

• Factors leading to the Dissolution of the Islamic State. 

• Political Struggle 

o Assaults on the Islamic State 

o Revival 

o Fruits of the Renaissance in Europe 

o A New Attack 
o Return to Power 
o A New War 

• Social Struggle 

o A New Civilisation 

• The Tyranny of Materialism On Muslim Land 

• Our Mission is one of Reawakening and Deliverance 

o A Weighty Legacy 
o Our General Aims 
o Our Specific Aims 
o Our General Means 
o Further Measures 
o Discouragement 
o Obstacles in Our Path 
o The Factors for Success 

• Sincere Advice 

• Duties 


This translation of the original Arabic document is copyrighted. You may not publish or distribute it 
without express written permission. To obtain permission, please send e-mail to 

mail@prelude. co. uk 


Between Yesterday and Today 

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Most Compassionate 

Praise be to Allah, may He bless and save Our guide Muhammad, the victor and the Seal of all prophets, His 
family and his Companions. 


The Message of the Faithful Prophet 

Thirteen hundred and seventy years ago, Muhammad ibn 'Abdullah, the Illiterate Prophet, proclaimed in the 
heart of Mecca from Mount Al-Safa: 


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‘O mankind, I am sent to you all as a messenger of Allah, to whom belongs the 
dominion of the heavens and the earth: There is no god but He; it is He who gives life 
and brings about death. Therefore believe in Allah and His messenger, the Prophet 
can neither read or write, who believes in Allah and His Words, and follow him. So that 

you may be guided’ 

(Surat-al-A’raaf (7), ayah 158) 

This universal mission marked the boundary for all of creation between a dark, oppressive past and a brilliant, 
shining future, as well as a prosperous and exuberant present A clear announcement of a new order decreed by 
Allah, the all knowing, the all Wise. Its herald was Mohammed, the bringer of glad tidings and a warner. Its Book 
was the clear and Enlightening Qur'an. Its soldiers were the vanguards of the Emigrants and the Ansar 
(helpers) and those who followed them in doing good. It was not contrived by man: it was rather a favour from 
Allah, for who is better than Allah in his favours? 

‘Thou didst not know what the Book was, nor the Faith, but We have made it a light 
through which We guide those whom We will of our worshippers. And truly thou dost 
guide to a straight path, the path of Allah to whom belongs all that is in the heavens 
and the earth. Do not all things proceed to Allah?’ 

(Surat-ash-Shura (42), ayahs 52-53) 

The Qur’anic Method for Social Reform 

The Qur'an contains the principles of complete social reform. It was revealed to the Prophet (PBUH) and 
gradually declared to the Believers over time, depending on the fall of events, circumstances, and situations: 

‘In this manner, so that We may reinforce thy heart with it, and We have set it out in 
order. And they do not bring thee any similitude, but that we bring thee the truth, and a 

better one as exposition’ 

(Surat-al-Furqaan (25), ayahs 32-33) 

This continued for some twenty two years until the revelation was complete, preserved within the hearts and 
written notes of men. Now Allah had gathered therein an explanation for everything concerning this Ummah and 
the bases for complete social reform. All of which may be summarised under these headings: 

a) Godliness, (i.e everything that we do is for the sake of Allah alone) 

b) The elevation of the human spirit. 

c) The doctrine of reward and punishment. 

d) The proclamation of the brotherhood of man. 

e) Advancement for men and women together; the declaration of their joint responsibility and their equality: the 
precise definition of their respective duties. 

f) The safeguarding of society by stipulating the right to life, property, work, health, freedom, education, and 
security for every member, and defining the legitimate sources of gain. 

g) The control of the two instincts: the instinct of self preservation and the instinct of the preservation of the 
species; the regulation of the alimentary and sexual demands. 

h) Severity in punishing cardinal crimes. 

i) The confirmation of the unity of the Umma and condemnation of all the causes and symptoms of disunity. 


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j) The obligation of the Ummah to wage jihad to safeguard the principles of justice provided by this order. 

k) valuing the state as an embodiment of the ideology, capable to defend itself, and responsible for fulfilling its 
aim within its own society as well as for conveying it to mankind as a whole. 

The Practical Aspects of This System 

This Qur'anic order stood in opposition to all other unchallenged systems and theoretical philosophies. It did not 
allow its principles and teachings to remain as theories in one’s head, or ideas confined to books, or words not 
going further than the mouths of men. On the contrary, it instituted ways to establish them, to strengthen them, 
and draw profit from their effects and results. It compelled the Ummah which believed and owed allegiance to it, 
to guard their duties making them a must. Omission from these duties and giving in to whimsical desires is 
simply unacceptable. Indeed, it rewards the worker, and punishes the negligent, such that it removes him from 
the boundaries set by the Islamic society and casts him in to an abyss. The most important duties which this 
order has placed as a protective fence to establish its principles are the following: 

a) Prayer, dhikr, repentance, duaa’, etc. 

b) Fasting, chastity, warning against luxury. 

c) Zakah, alms giving, expenditure for benevolent purposes. 

d) Pilgrimage, travel, journeying, discovery, and investigation of Allah ' s Kingdom . 

e) Procurement, work, and the prohibition of begging. 

f) Jihad, fighting, outfitting fighters, and caring for their families and interests after their departure. 

g) Commanding the good and giving sound advice. 

h) Forbidding evil, and intervention when it takes place and against its perpetrators. 

i) The obtaining of education and knowledge by every male and female Muslim in the various disciplines of life, 
each one in what suits him best. 

j) Sound manners and behaviour and assiduous cultivation of high moral values, 
h) Striving for physical health and control of the senses. 

k) Social responsibility of both the ruler and ruled, in social welfare and obedience. 

A Muslim is compelled to fulfil these obligations and put them into practice as the Qur'anic order has set them 
out. Fie must not slacken in performing any of them, for they have all been specified in the Noble Qur'an, and 
have been unequivocally illustrated in the deeds of the Prophet (PBUH) his Companions and those who 
followed them in doing good, with simplicity and clarity. Every deed, establishes and affirms one or some of the 
principles cited above all of which came to benefit mankind by virtue of their results and effects. 

The First Islamic State 

On the foundation of this virtuous Qur'anic social order the first Islamic state arose, having unshakeable faith in 
it, meticulously applying it, and spreading it throughout the world, so that the first Khilafah used to say: ‘If I 
should lose a camel's lead, I would find it in Allah's Book. ’. Fie fought those who refused to pay zakah, regarding 
them as apostates because they had overthrown one of the pillars of this order, saying: By Allah, if they refused 
me a lead which they would hand over to the Apostle of Allah (PBUH), I would fight them as soon as I have a 
sword in my hand!’ For unity, in all its meanings and manifestations, pervaded this new forthcoming nation. 
Complete social unity arose from making the Qur'anic order and it’s language universal, while complete political 
unity was under the shadow of the Amir Al-Mumineen and beneath the standard of the Khilafah in the capital. 
The fact that the Islamic ideology was one of decentralisation of the armed forces, the state treasuries, and the 


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provincial governors proved to be no obstacle to this, since all acted according to a single creed and a unified 
and comprehensive control. The Qur'anic principles dispelled and laid to rest the superstitious idolatry prevalent 
in the Arabian Peninsula and Persia. They banished guileful Judaism and confined it to a narrow province, 
putting an end to its religious and political authority. They struggled with Christianity such that its influence was 
greatly diminished in the Asian and African continents, confined only to Europe under the guard of the Byzantine 
Empire in Constantinople. Thus the Islamic state became the centre of spiritual and political dominance within 
the two largest continents. This state persisted in its attacks against the third continent, assaulting 
Constantinople from the east and besieging it until the siege grew wearisome. Then it came at it from the west, 
plunging into Spain, with its victorious soldiers reaching the heart of France and penetrating as far as northern 
and southern Italy. It established an imposing state in Western Europe, radiant with science and knowledge. 
Afterwards, it ended the conquest of Constantinople itself and the confined Christianity within the restricted area 
of Central Europe. Islamic fleets ventured into the depths of the Mediterranean and Red seas, both became 
Islamic lakes. And so the armed forces of the Islamic state assumed supremacy of the seas both in the East 
and West, enjoying absolute mastery over land and sea. These Islamic nations had already combined and 
incorporated many things from other civilisations, but they triumphed through the strength of their faith and the 
solidness of their system over others. They Arabised them, or succeeded in doing so to a degree, and were 
able to sway them and convert them to the splendour, beauty and vitality of their language and religion. The 
Muslims were free to adopt anything beneficial from other civilisations, insofar as it did not have adverse effects 
on their social and political unity. 

Factors leading to the Dissolution of the Islamic State. 

For all the immense strength and extensive empire, the factors of disintegration began to infiltrate the very fibre 
of this Qur'anic nation Gradually becoming more serious, widespread and powerful, until they rent this fabric 
apart and brought the centralised Islamic state to an end in the sixth century after the Hijrah (the thirteenth 
century AD.) at the hands of the Tartars. In the fourteenth century after Hijrah (the twentieth century AD.) they 
did this a second time, leaving in their wake on both occasions disunited nations and small states aspiring 
toward unity and striving for resurgence. The most significant of these (disintegrating) factors were the following 

a) Political differences, partisanship, and struggle for supremacy and prestige, despite the strict prohibition 
against this in Islam, which calls for indifference with respect to positions of power and being attracted to it, 
which is like a cancer within nations and the death blow for it’s people: 

And contend not with one another, so that you become weak and your strength 
depart, and persevere, for Allah is with those who persevere.’ 

(Surat-al-Anfaal (8), ayah 46) 

and despite the profound exhortations to remain faithful to Allah alone in speech and act, and to flee love of 
fame and praise. 

b) Differences in religion and schools of thought, and turning away from religion in both beliefs and actions 
leading to dead works endowed with no spirit or life, accompanied by negligence towards Allah's Book and the 
Sunnah of the Apostle (PBUFI) Leading to stagnation, fanaticism in thought and word, and a passion for 
disputation, controversy, and wrangling, All these were among the things Islam had warned against and 
forbidden most rigorously, so that the Apostle (PBUH) said: 

‘No people have ever fallen into error after receiving guidance except by falling into disputes. ’ 

c) Self indulgence in luxuries and comforts, and craving for pleasure and sensual joys to the point that what has 
been recorded of Muslim rulers in many periods goes beyond anything recorded of others, and this despite what 
they read in of the Words of Allah (PBUH): 

And when We wish to destroy a city, We issue a command to its men of wealth, and 
they transgress therein, and so the Word against them is justified, and We destroy it 

utterly. ’ 

(Surat-al-lsraa’ (17), ayah 16) 


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d) The transfer of authority to non Arabs; Persians at one time, at another, the Mamluks, Turks, and others who 
had never had a taste of genuine Islam, and whose hearts had never been illuminated with the light of the 
Qur'an because of the difficulty they encountered in trying to grasp its concepts, even though they read the 
Words of Allah (SWT): 

‘O ye who believe! Do not take as confidants those who are not of you; they will not 
fail to cast disorder among you; they are pleased by what troubles you. Hatred has 
been revealed out of their mouths; what their hearts conceal is yet greater. We have 
made the signs clear to you, if you would but understand. ’ 

(Surat-aal-lmran (3), ayah 118) 

e) Indifference to the applied and natural sciences, all the while wasting time and loosing energy on abstruse, 
speculative philosophies and unhealthy, imaginary pseudo sciences, despite Islam's urging them to consider the 
universe, to explore the secrets of creation, and to travel about in the earth, for it commands them to 
contemplate the Kingdom of Allah: 

‘Say: "Behold what is in the heavens and the earth. 

(Surat-Yunus (10), ayah 102) 

f) Arrogance of the government regarding it’s authority, self deception as to it’s power, and a failure to look into 
the social evolution of the nations outside it’s fold, until such nations took the lead in preparation and 
equipment, eventually taking the Islamic state by surprise. But the Qur'an had commanded them to be alert, and 
had warned them about the consequences of negligence, regarding the negligent as cattle, nay, even more 
deluded: 


‘For We have surely created for Jahannam many jinn and men, having hearts with 
which they discern not, having eyes with which they see not, having ears with which 
they hear not these are like cattle, nay, even more deluded; these are the heedless. ’ 

(Surat-al-A’raaf (7), ayah 179) 

g) Self deception through the charms of hostile flatterers, admiration for their actions and their apparent 
lifestyles, and blind imitation of them in what is harmful rather than beneficial, even though resembling them has 
been strictly prohibited while remaining different to them, preserving the basic elements of the Islamic Ummah, 
and warning about the consequences of this imitation are clear cut commands, to which effect the Noble Qur'an 
says: 


‘O ye who believe! If you obey those who disbelieve, they will throw you back upon 
your heels, and you will be turned into losers. ’ 

(Surat-aal-lmran (3), ayah 149) 

Political Struggle 


Assaults on the Islamic State 

These factors began to operate within the substance of the Islamic state and the Ummah as a whole, 
suppressed nations thought that the time was ripe to take their revenge and bring to ruin the very Islamic state 
which had earlier conquered their lands and changed their entire way of life. The Tartars swept across the 
Islamic state like a devastating flood, tearing it apart piece by piece such that when they arrived at Baghdad, the 
capital of the ‘Abbasid Khilafah, they trampled it and disgraced the Khalifah , Al-Musta’sim. Thus the unity of the 
state and the knot of the Khilafah was undone for the first time. The nations fell apart into small states, every 
tribe having it’s own pulpit and an Amir Al-Mumineen. Europe saw the resurgence of Christianity, whose forces 
gathered and hurled back the Muslim East in both Asia and Africa through nine crusading assaults, in which the 
best of their cavalry, royalty, and arms were deployed. These invading forces were able to establish a Crusader 
state in Jerusalem, threatening the Islamic nations of the East and West, and attacking Egypt - the most 


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powerful of these states at that time. 

Revival 

But Allah (SWT) did not allow falsehood to vanquish truth. Egypt was able to draw together the scattered forces 
of some of these minor states, and hurl them at the necks of the Crusaders, under the leadership of 
Salah-ud-Din. It regained Jerusalem from the Christians, and showed them the meaning of defeat at Hitteen. 
Then Egypt stood in the face of the Tartars under the leadership of Alzahir Baybars, throwing them back on 
their heels, at Ayn Jalut, and restoring the lines of the Khilafah once again. It was the will of Allah that an Islamic 
state re-emerge, extensive in domain, bold in courage, and formidable in power, welding its people into one and 
uniting most of the Islamic nations under its banner. Its lofty ambitions meant that an attack on Christianity in its 
very lair was crucial. Thus It conquered Constantinople, and its authority extended to the heart of Europe 
reaching as far as Vienna. This came the state of the Ottoman Turks. 

Fruits of the Renaissance in Europe 

The Islamic state was tranquil under the banner and authority of the Ottomans, it remained passive was 
heedless of what was happening around it. But Europe, which had come into contact with the light of Islam in 
the West through Andalus, and in the East through the Crusades, wasted no opportunity and did not fail to 
benefit from these lessons. It began to build up and unite her forces under the banner of the Franks in the land 
of Gaul, where it was able to stem the tides of an onslaught against the Islamic West and sow dissension within 
the ranks of the Muslims in Andalus, employing people to fall upon others, until finally it drove them overseas 
back to the African coast. The young Spanish state took it’s place, as Europe continued to build up it strength, 
to unite, to plan, to acquire knowledge, to traverse foreign lands, and to discover new countries, such that 
America was discovered by Spain and the route to India by Portugal. Cries for reform followed swiftly in each 
state within Europe. Numerous reformers arose, while natural science and fruitful, productive knowledge was 
eagerly embraced. The Reformation resulted in the creation of a number of nationalities and the rise of a strong 
state - it’s sole purpose to dismember the Islamic state, which Europe had already shared among its nations 
and whose place it had taken control of in Asia and Africa. These young states formed alliances for this 
purpose, which at times rose to the level of sacred pacts 

A New Attack 

European power expanded, thanks to discoveries, expeditions, and travels to far and distant lands as far as 
many of the remote Islamic countries like India, as well some of the neighbouring Islamic provinces. Europe 
began to work earnestly at dismembering the powerful and far flung Islamic state proposing numerous plans 
toward this end, referring to them at times as ‘the Eastern question’ and at others as ‘dividing up the inheritance 
of the Sick Man of Europe’. Every state began to seize any opportunity as it arose, adopting the flimsiest of 
excuses to attack the peaceful yet careless Islamic state, and to reduce its periphery or demolish parts of its 
integral fabric. This onslaught continued over a long period of time, during which the Ottoman Empire was 
stripped of much of it’s Islamic territory which then fell under European domination, e.g., Morocco and North 
Africa. Many non Islamic areas previously under Ottoman rule became independent during this time, e.g., 
Greece and the Balkan states. The final round of this struggle was the First World War, from 1 91 4 to 1 91 8, 
which ended in the defeat of Turkey and her allies, providing a perfect opportunity for the strongest nations of 
Europe, (England and France, and under their patronage, Italy). They laid their hands on the huge legacy left 
behind by the Islamic nations, imposing their rule over them under the various titles of occupation, colonialism, 
trusteeship or mandate dividing them up in the following manner: 

1) North Africa (Morocco, Algeria, and Tunis) became French colonies lying in between a zone of international 
influence in Tangier and a Spanish colony in the Reef. 

2) Tripoli and Barca became Italian colonies in which Italy did not wish a single trace of Islam to remain. It 
forced Italian citizenship upon the people giving it the name of ‘South Italy’ and filling it with thousands of hungry 
families and wild beasts in human form (Italian outcasts). 

3) Egypt and the Sudan fell under English authority, neither one possessing a shred of independent authority. 

4) Palestine became an English colony, which England took the liberty of selling to the Jews so that they might 


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establish therein a national Zionist homeland. 


5) Syria became a French colony. 

6) Iraq became an English colony. 

7) The Hijaz possessed a weak, unstable government dependent on charity and clinging to false treaties and 
worthless covenants. 

8) Yemen possessed an outmoded government and a poverty stricken populace exposed to attack anywhere 
and at any time. 

9) The remaining nations of the Arabian peninsula consisted of small emirates whose rulers lived under the 
wing of the British consuls and who fought one another for the crumbs falling from their tables, their souls 
burning with mutual resentment and hatred. This was the case despite the reassuring promises and binding 
treaties drawn up by the Allies with the mightiest monarch of the Peninsula, King Hussain, stating that they 
would help him achieve the Arab independence and support the authority of the Arab Khilafah. 

10) Iran and the Afghanistan possessed shaky governments beset by power hungry people on every side, they 
would be under the wing of one nation at one time and under that of another at other times. 

11) India was an English colony. 

12) Turkestan and the adjoining regions were Russian colonies, subjected to the bitter harshness of the 
Bolshevik authorities. 

Apart from these, there were also the Islamic minorities scattered across many countries, knowing no state to 
whose protection they might have recourse, nor any well armed government to defend their nationality, as the 
Muslims in Ethiopia, China, the Balkans, and the lands of Central, South, East and West Africa. Under such 
conditions, Europe won in the political struggle, and finally accomplished its goal in dismembering the Islamic 
empire, annihilating the Islamic state and erasing it politically, from the list of powerful, living nations. 

Return to Power 

However this flagrant hostility and contempt for treaties and covenants tormented men's hearts and aroused 
their spirits. These nations began to demand their independence and struggled to regain their freedom and 
glory. Towards this end, revolts flared up within their borders: Turkey revolted, Egypt revolted, Iraq and Syria 
revolted, while repeated revolts took place in Palestine and the Reef in Morocco. Everywhere people began to 
stir, and as a result the Islamic people regained some of their rights. Turkey became independent within her 
new frontiers, Egypt and Iraq were recognised as sovereign states, the Saudi state rose in the Hijaz and Najd, 
while, Yemen, Iran, and Afghanistan preserved their already existing independence, Syria came close to 
winning recognition of her independence. Palestine drew the attention of the world to itself through its struggle. 
The Muslims, without any doubt, took significant steps, even if they were few and slow, towards the noble goal 
of restoring their freedom and glory and rebuilding their state. With each nation demanding its right to freedom 
as an independent entity, concepts of localised nationalism arose, and many states working towards this revival 
purposely ignored the idea of unity. Without a doubt the outcome the of these steps will result in the 
consolidation and return of the Islamic empire as a unified state embracing the Muslims that have been 
scattered around the World, raising the banner of Islam and carrying its message. There is no nation in the 
world that is held together by linguistic unity, participation in material and spiritual interests, and similarity of 
suffering and hope in the same that the Muslims are. 

A New War 

The European nations emerged from the First World War with the seeds of rancour and hatred deeply 
implanted within many of them. The peace conference took place and the ensuing treaties were sharp slaps in 
the face to some and painfully, false expectations to many others; furthermore, many new concepts and 
ideologies, strongly fanatical, made their appearance. Such a situation will inevitably lead to renewed opposition 
and a terrible, devastating war which would tear these nations asunder and end their unity, bringing them back 


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to their senses and deterring them from injustice. It will give the Islamic nations another opportunity to straighten 
their ranks, to unite, and finally achieve their freedom and independence, thus regaining their state and their 
unity under the leadership of the Amir Al Mumineen: 

‘And We desired to show favour to those who had been rendered weak in the earth, 
and to make them leaders and make them inheritors. ’ 

(Surat-al-Qasas (28), ayah 5). 

Social Struggle 


A New Civilisation 

The European nations, which had socialised and had come into contact with Islam and Muslims (due to their 
Crusades in the East, and their proximity to the Arabs of Andalus in the West), not only benefited from this in 
terms of a heightened awareness, cohesion, and political unification; but also in terms of a great intellectual 
awakening, acquiring numerous sciences and branches of knowledge. A scientific and cultural Renaissance, 
vast in scope, made its appearance, and the Church with all the strength at its command rose to combat this 
strange phenomenon. It subjected their scholars and intellectuals to the most horrific punishments: the courts of 
The Inquisition waged war upon them and aroused the wrath of the people against them. But this accomplished 
nothing, its teachings could not stand up in front of scientific realities and discoveries. The scientific 
Renaissance emerged victorious, and the state thereby awoke and it too fought the Church until it completely 
delivered European society from Church authority. Its men were driven into the shrine and the cloister, the Pope 
was confined to the Vatican, and the work of the clergy was limited and their efforts were confined. Christianity 
remained in Europe, but only to serve as a historical heirloom. It was an instrument for educating the simple 
minded and naive among the masses, and a mechanism for conquest, colonisation, and the suppression of 
political aspirations. The domain of science stretched out before Europe, and the scope of invention and 
discovery broadened. The machine doubled production and industrialised life. All this preceded hand in hand 
with the rise of the strong state, whose authority reached out across many lands and regions. The world eagerly 
welcomed the European nations and chose them as it’s sustainers. Wealth poured out from it in every direction. 
It was only natural then, that European life and culture should be based on excluding religion from all aspects of 
social life, especially the state, the law court, and the school; with a predominant materialistic outlook becoming 
the criterion for everything. As a result, the make-up of this civilisation became purely materialistic, demolishing 
what the revealed religions had advocated and utterly contradicting the principle of uniting the spiritual and the 
material which Islam had laid as the foundation of it’s civilisation. Among the most important traits of European 
civilisation are the following: 

1) Apostasy, doubt in Allah, denial of the soul, disregard as to reward or punishment in the world to come, and 
an obsession to limit themselves to only that which is material and tangible: 

‘They know something external of the life of this world, but of the world to come they 

are heedless ‘ 

(Surat-ar-Rum (30), ayah 7) 

2) Lust, unseemly dedication to pleasure, new ways of self indulgence, uncontrolled freedom of the lower 
instincts and bodily desires, the equipment of women with every technique of seduction and incitement, and the 
drowning into wicked practices which shatter both mind and body, destroying the integrity of the family and 
threatening the happiness of the home: 

‘Those who disbelieve take their enjoyment and eat as cattle eat, and the Fire is their 

dwelling place. ’ 

(Surat-Muhammad (47), ayah 12) 

3) Individual greed, for every man wants any thing good only for himself; Greed also exists in the social strata, 
for each strata wants to gain the upper hand over the other and seeks to secure profits for itself. Finally there is 
greed on a national level, for each nation is prejudiced towards its own nationality, while looking down on all 


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others, and trying to engulf those who are weaker. 

4) Usury, granting it legal recognition, regarding it as a principle of general transactions, and making it a general 
practice among nations and individuals. 

These purely materialistic traits of European society have corrupted the spirit, devalued morality, and made 
them sluggish in the war against crime, all this and the problems have multiplied, destructive ideologies have 
made their appearance, devastating and damning revolutions have burst forth, economic, social, and political 
institutions no longer stand on firm foundations. Nations have been torn apart by sects and parties, while greed 
and hatred have driven people to cut each others’ throats. This modern civilisation has substantiated its 
complete impotence in securing peace, tranquillity and safety within society. It has failed to grant happiness to 
man, despite all the doors of science, knowledge, wealth and opulence it has left open for them, and despite the 
power and authority it enjoys throughout the earth, and even though it has not been in existence for so much as 
a century. 


The Tyranny of Materialism On Muslim Land 

The Europeans worked assiduously in trying to immerse (the world) in materialism, with their corrupting traits 
and murderous germs, to overwhelm those Muslim lands that their hands stretched out to. Under their authority 
the Muslims suffered an ill fate, for while they secured for themselves power and prosperity through science, 
knowledge, industry, and good organisation, the Muslims were barred from all this. They laid the plans for this 
social turmoil in masterly fashion, invoking the aid of their political intellect and military might until they achieved 
their goal. They deluded the Muslim leaders by granting them loans and entering into financial transactions with 
them - An easy task which enabled them to infiltrate the economy and flood the country with their capital, their 
banks, and their companies; Thus they ran the economic machinery, exploiting the enormous profits and vast 
sums of money. All to the exclusion of the inhabitants. Hence, they were able to alter the basic principles of 
government, justice, and education, and infuse in the most powerful Islamic countries, their own peculiar 
political judicial, and cultural systems. They imported their semi-naked women into these regions, together with 
their liquors, their theatres, their dance halls, their amusements arcades, their stories, their newspapers, their 
novels, their whims, their silly games, and their vices. Here they allowed for crimes intolerable in their own 
countries, and beautified this tumultuous world to the deluded, naive eyes of wealthy Muslims and those of rank 
and authority. This was not enough for them, so they built schools and scientific cultural institutes, casting doubt 
and heresy within the hearts of people . They taught them how to demean themselves, to vilify their religion and 
their homeland, to detach themselves from their beliefs, and to regard anything Western as sacred, in the belief 
that only that which is European can be emulated. These schools were restricted to the upper class, the ruling 
body, the powerful and the future leaders. Those who were unsuccessful in such places were sent abroad to 
complete their studies. This drastic, well organised social campaign was tremendously successful since it 
appealed to the mind. It will continue to exert its strong intellectual influence over a long period of time. Thus, it 
was far more dangerous than any political or military campaign. Some Islamic countries went overboard in their 
admiration for the European civilisation and their dissatisfaction with the Islamic one, to the point that Turkey 
declared itself a non-lslamic state, imitating the Europeans in everything that they did. Aman Allah Khan, King of 
Afghanistan, tried this, but the attempt lost him his throne. In Egypt the manifestations of this mimicry increased 
and became so serious that one of the intellectual leaders could openly say that the only path to progress was 
to adopt this civilisation: good or evil, bitter or sweet, praise worthy or reprehensible. From Egypt it spread with 
strength and speed into the neighbouring countries, to the extent that it reached Morocco and encircled the holy 
sanctuaries within the midst of Hijaz. We may subdivide the Muslim nations that were affected by this 
materialistic civilisation, into three categories: 

1) Countries in which this influence has reached serious proportions. 

Not only is this seen outwardly but has gone so far as to penetrate the minds and feelings of the people. Among 
these countries are Turkey and Egypt, where the slightest trace of an Islamic ideology has disappeared from all 
walks of life, banished to mosques and Sufi retreats. 

2) Countries which have only been influenced outwardly. Emotions and feelings However remaining intact. Such 
as Iran and North Africa. 

3) Countries which have not been influenced by this civilisation, except for a particular class consisting of the 


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well educated and the ruling group, to the exclusion of the common people and the masses. Such as Syria, 

Iraq, the Hijaz, many sections of the Arabian Peninsula, and the remaining Muslim countries. 

Nevertheless, this current is spreading with the speed of lightning reaching those it has not struck yet. The 
enemies of Islam can deceive Muslim intellectuals and draw a thick veil over the eyes of the zealous by 
depicting Islam as defective in various aspects of doctrine, ritual observance, and morality. What helps them to 
carry out this deception is the Muslims ignorance about the intrinsic nature of Islam, such that many of them are 
quite happy to accept the status quo. They have been ingrained in this for such along time now that it is difficult 
to explain to them that Islam is complete, social system encompassing all aspects of life. 

Thus we can say that the Western civilisation, has triumphed over the Islamic civilisation in its social struggle. 
This has occurred on Muslim land, not only militarily but also spiritually and ideologically. Small wonder, for what 
is strong is wholly strong, and what is weak is wholly weak: 

‘These are the days which we apportion to mankind in turn. ’ 

(Surat-aal-lmraan (3), ayah 140) 

Even if the ideology and teachings of Islam have gone astray, it is powerful in its essential nature, full of life and 
vitality, attractive and enchanting in its splendour and beauty, and it will remain so because it is the truth, and 
human existence will never achieve perfection and virtue through any other means. It is the work of Allah and 
under his protection: 


‘Lo, We have sent down the Reminder, and lo, We are its Protector. ’ 

(Surat-al-Hijr (15), ayah 9) 

‘God refuses ought but that He should perfect His light, though the unbelievers feel 

aversion’ 

(Surat-at-Tawbah (9), ayah 32) 

Awakening: Just as political aggression had its effect in arousing nationalist feelings, so has social aggression 
in reviving the Islamic ideology. Voices have been raised in every land, demanding a return to Islam, an 
understanding of its precepts, and an application of its rules. The day must soon come when the walls of this 
materialistic civilisation will come down upon the heads of its inhabitants. Then their hearts and souls will burn 
with a spiritual hunger, but they will find no sustenance, no healing, no remedy, except in the teachings of this 
Noble Book: 


‘O man, an admonition from your Lord has come to you, and a healing for what is in 
your hearts, a guidance and a mercy for the believers. Say: 'In God's bounty, and in 
His mercy: let them rejoice in that. ' It is better than what they hoard. ’ 

(Surat-Yunus (10), ayah 58-59) 

Our Mission is one of Reawakening and Deliverance 

A Weighty Legacy 

Thus dear Brothers, It is Allah’s will that we are the inheritors of this legacy; no matter what the consequences, 
the light of your mission glows amidst this darkness; He has chosen you to exalt His Word, to bring back the 
Sharee’ah and re-establish His state: 

‘Allah will surely aid one who helps Him. Allah is Mighty, Glorious. ’ 

(Surat-al-Hajj (22), ayah 40) 


Our General Aims 


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What do we want, dear brothers? Do we seek temporary goals such as hoarding up wealth and becoming 
famous? Or do we want dominion over the earth? 

‘The earth is Allah's: He gives to inherit it those whom He will of His servants. ’ 

(Surat-al-A’raaf (7), ayah 127) 

Even as we read the Speech of Allah (SWT): 

‘That is the Abode of the Hereafter which We assign to those who do not want 
exaltation in the earth, nor any corruption. The final consequence is to the pious. ’ 

(Surat-al-Qasas (28), ayah 83) 

May Allah witness that we do not want any of these, that our work and our mission are not toward these ends. 
Rather always bear in mind that you have two fundamental goals: 

1) Freeing the Islamic homeland from all foreign authority, for this is a natural right belonging to every human 
being which only the unjust oppressor will deny. 

2) The establishment of an Islamic state within this homeland, which acts according to the precepts of Islam, 
applies its social regulations, advocates its sound principles, and broadcasts its mission to all of mankind. For 
as long as this state does not emerge, every Muslim is sinning, and is responsible before Allah the Almighty for 
the failure and slackness in establishing it. In these bewildering circumstances, it is against the interests of 
humanity that a state advocating injustice and oppression should arise, while there should be no one at all 
working for the advent of a state founded on truth, justice, and peace. We want to accomplish these two goals 
in the Nile Valley and the Arab kingdom, and in every land which Allah has blessed with the Islamic creed: 
uniting all the Muslims. 

Our Specific Aims 

Apart from these two aims, we have some specific aims, If they are not accomplished our society cannot 
become wholly Islamic. Dear brothers, recall that more than sixty percent of the Egyptians live at a subhuman 
level. Only through the most arduous toil do they get enough to eat. Egypt is threatened by murderous famines 
and exposed to many economic problems, the outcome of which only Allah can know. Recall too that there are 
more than 320 foreign companies in Egypt, monopolising all the public utilities and important facilities in every 
sector of the country; the wheels of commerce, industry, and all economic institutions are in the hands of 
profiteering foreigners; our wealth in land is being transferred with lightning speed from our hands to those of 
others. Recall also that, out of the entire civilised world, Egypt is subject to the most diseases, plagues, and 
illness; over 90 percent of the Egyptian people are threatened by physical infirmity, the loss of some sensory 
perception, and a variety of sicknesses and ailments; Egypt is still backward, with no more than one fifth of the 
population possessing any form of education, and of these more than one hundred thousand have never gone 
further than the primary school level. Recall that crime has doubled in Egypt, and that it is increasing at an 
alarming rate to the point that there are more people coming out of prisons than schools; that up to the present 
time Egypt has been unable to properly outfit a single army division; These symptoms and phenomena may be 
observed in any Islamic country. Amid your aims are to work in reforming education; to fight poverty, ignorance, 
disease, and crime; and to create an exemplary society deserving to be associated with the Islamic Sharee’ah. 

Our General Means 

How will we arrive at these goals? Speeches, announcements, letters, lessons, lectures, a diagnosis of the 
ailment and a prescription of the medicine. All these by themselves are useless and will never achieve, nor help 
achieve a single aim. Nevertheless, every mission has an approach which it must adopt and act accordingly, it 
remains invariable and unchanging, and is confined to the following three matters: 

1) Deep faith. 

2) Precise organisation 


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3) Uninterrupted work. 

This is our general approach dear brothers, so have conviction in your ideology, rally around it and work 
steadfastly for it. 

Further Measures 

Besides this general approach, there may be further measures that have to be adopted and strictly adhered to. 
They may have both positive and negative aspects to them, either in compatibility with man’s customary habits 
or in stark contradiction. Some are mild while others are rigorous, so we must train ourselves and prepare to 
face all this in order to guarantee success. We may be asked to break old customs and habits, to conform to 
unfamiliar backgrounds and settings. For in reality our mission is to change that which is prevailing and 
conventional. Are you prepared for this, dear brothers? 

Discouragement 

Many people will say: What do these measures mean? How can they build a nation or maintain a society 
burdened with such chronic problems and sunk in a welter of corruption? How will you manage the economy on 
a non profit basis? how will you respond to the woman question? How will you obtain your rights without the use 
of force? 

Dear brothers, know that Satan slips his devilish bid into the aspirations of every reformer, but Allah cancels out 
what Satan whispers; then Allah decrees His miracles, for Allah is Knowing, Wise. Remind these people that 
history teaches us lessons about past and contemporary nations; Any nation determined to live cannot possibly 
die. 

Obstacles in Our Path 

I would like to admit to you that frankly your mission is still unknown to many people, and the day they find out 
about it and grasp its potential and objectives, you will face stern opposition and sharp hostility. Your way will be 
riddled with hardship and obstacles. Only then will you be following the path of those who convey the message. 
For the moment you are still unknown, simply preparing for the call and getting ready for the struggle that lies 
ahead of you. The ignorance of the people as to what constitutes true Islam will remain an obstacle in your path, 
and you will find among the religious body and the official scholars those who will regard your understanding of 
Islam as outlandish, denouncing your campaign. Chiefs, leaders, and men of rank and authority will hate you. 
Every government without exception will rise against you, each one trying to limit your activities and hinder your 
path. 

The oppressors will use all the mechanisms to oppose you and extinguish the light of your mission. To that end 
they will invoke the aid of weak governments, dirty tactics and the help of those who seek their affection, while 
displaying animosity towards you. They will arouse suspicion and unjust accusations about your mission, trying 
to endow it with every possible defect and displaying it before the people in the most repugnant possible guise. 
They will rely on their strength, authority, wealth and influence. 

‘They desire to extinguish Allah's light with their mouths, but Allah will perfect His light 

though the unbelievers be averse to it. ’ 

(Surat-as-Saff (61), ayah 68) 

Without a doubt, you will experience trials and tribulations, you will be imprisoned, arrested, deported, and 
persecuted. Your goods will be confiscated, your employment suspended, and your homes will be searched. 
This period of trial may last a long time: 

‘Do men imagine that they will be left to say: "We believe", and that they will not be put 

to the test?’ 

(Surat-al-‘Ankabut (29), ayah 2) 


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Allah has promised you with the success of the mujaahideen and the reward of sincere workers: 

‘O ye who believe, shall I show you a commerce that will save you from a painful 
chastisement ?... Then We sustained those who believed against their enemy, and 

they became victorious. ’ 

(Surat-as-Saff (61), ayah 10 and 14) 

Are you resolved to be Allah's helpers ? 

The Factors for Success 

Dear brothers, as we face these obstacles, it is only fitting that we remember we are conveying the loftiest of 
messages - that of Allah; that we are advocating the most powerful system - The Islamic ideology; and that we 
are offering to mankind the most just law - The Sacred Law of the Qur'an: 

‘The religion of Allah and what is better than Allah religion. ’ 

(Surat-al-Baqarah (2), ayah 138) 

Surely the entire world is in need of this message, which is smoothing out and preparing the world to take this 
path, Allah be praised, we are free from personal ambition and far from seeking internal advantage. We seek 
nothing but Allah's Face and the welfare of mankind. We only work to seek his pleasure. We look forward to 
Allah's support and help, for he whom Allah helps cannot be overcome: 

‘That is because Allah is the defender of those who believe, and because the 
unbelievers have no defender. ’ 

(Surat-Muhammad (47), ayah 11) 

The strength of our call and the need for it, the nobility of our goals and Allah's support for us are all the factors 
leading to success. Nothing can stand in its path: 

‘And Allah has the upper hand in His affairs, but most of mankind do not know. ’ 

(Surat-Yusuf (12), ayah 21) 


Sincere Advice 


Fellow Muslims, listen I 

Through these words, I wished to clarify to you your ideology. For it is possible that critical times await us, and 
the communication between me and you will be cut off for a while so that I may not be able to speak or write to 
you. Therefore I advise you to ponder over these words carefully, learn them by heart if you can, and accept 
them whole-heartedly. For behind every word lie manifold meanings. 

Dear brothers, you are not a welfare organisation, nor a political party, nor a local association with strictly limited 
aims. Rather you are a new spirit making its way into the heart of this nation - reviving it with the Qur'an; a new 
light dawning, dispelling the darkness of materialism through the knowledge of Allah; a resounding voice rising 
high - echoing the message of the Apostle (PBUH). In truth and without being excessive, you should feel that 
you are the bearers of a burden the rest of mankind has shrugged off. If someone asks you: "To what are you 
calling?" Say: "We are calling you to Islam, which was brought by Muhammad (PBUH): Government is part of it, 
freedom is a religious obligation." If someone should say to you: "This is politics!" Say: This is Islam, and we do 
not recognise such divisions. 

If someone should say to you: "You are advocates of revolution!" say: "We are advocates of truth and peace - 
we believe and take pride in this. If you rise up against us and stand in the path of our mission, Allah has 
permitted us to defend ourselves, and you will be the unjust rebels." If they say to you: "You are asking the help 


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of individuals and associations!" say: "We believe in Allah alone, and reject that which you were associating 
with Him." If they persist in their hostility, say: ‘Peace be unto you! We have no desire for the ignorant." 
(Surat-al-Qasas (28), ayah 55) 


Duties 

Dear brothers believe in Allah, exalt His presence, depend and rely upon Him, Fear no one but Him, stand in 
awe of no other than Him. Perform that which He has made obligatory and shun that which He has forbidden. 

Model yourselves on excellence and hold fast to perfection. Have a strong moral character and live up to the 
honour that Allah has gifted the Muslims and the nobility of the pious. 

Draw near to the Qur’an and study it, devote yourselves to the Life of the Prophet, taking counsel from it. Be 
active workers rather than wranglers, for when Allah bestows His guidance on a people He inspires them to 
work; And people do not go astray after receiving guidance, except when they give into disputation. 

Love one another, and make sure you guard your unity, for this is the secret of your strength and the buttress of 
your success. Stand fast until Allah judges justly between you and your people, for He is the best of Judges. 

Listen, and obey your leaders both in duress and comfort, in good times and bad, for this is the token of your 
conviction and the bond of solidarity between you. 

Finally, look forward to Allah's aid and His support. This opportunity will arise, without a doubt: 

And then the believers will rejoice in Allah’s aid. He aids whom He will, and He is the 

Mighty, the Merciful. ’ 

(Surat-ar-Rum (30), ayah 4) 

May Allah grant both of us success in that which He loves and approves, and steer us on the path of those who 
are good and rightly guided; may He make us live like the glorious and the fortunate, and grant us the death of 
martyrs and those who have striven in jihad. For He is the best of Defenders, and the best of helpers. 


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